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10 Facts About the Mad Monk Grigori Rasputin

The Romanovs were the last imperial family
in Russia, lead by Tsar Nicholas II and his wife, Tsarina Alexandra before the revolution
in 1917. The Tsarina believed strongly in the supernatural,
which lead her to hire a monk as her spiritual advisor. That monk was Grigori Rasputin. It turns out that Rasputin was more than just
a humble monk. He has been considered one of the most evil
figures in history – and even possibly the devil incarnate. 10. He Was a Prodigy Grigori Rasputin (pictured here with his children)
grew up as a peasant in a small Siberian village called Pokrovskoye. His entire family was an illiterate farming
family, and they had a reputation for being horse thieves. As a child, Rasputin claimed to have healing
powers, and he could also see into the future. At that time in Russia, the occult was actually
in fashion. So, Instead of burning him at the stake for
witchcraft, these peasants in the village simply accepted that he actually had incredible
healing powers. This allowed him to get away with swearing,
stealing, drinking, sleeping around, and generally being a terrible person. He got married, and had children, but at 28-years-old,
he declared that he wanted to change his ways and become a monk. This meant abandoning his family in order
to go on this spiritual quest. He began living in a monastery, but when he
realized he did not actually want to be a Russian Orthodox priest, he abruptly decided
to leave and walk home, wandering around the woods of Siberia. Keep in mind that the Siberian forest is no
joke. It’s filled with wolves, tigers, bears,
vipers, and wolverines. When he finally came back to his village,
people could see that he was a totally changed man. He now had a long beard, and his eyes stared
on forever, and he claimed that his spiritual power had intensified. 9. He Joined a Sex Cult His family and friends knew that something
had definitely changed about Rasputin while he was in the forest, which is why most people
believe he joined an outlawed cult called the Khlysts. They were an offshoot of the Russian Orthodox
Church that believed that they could only achieve salvation through committing sins. They would dance until they felt drunk on
the Holy Spirit, and immediately followed this feeling of ecstasy by having a massive
orgy. As you might imagine, the Khylsts were quite
a popular underground group that a lot of Siberians wanted to join… because, well,
it was probably the most interesting thing going on for these peasant potato farmers. When Rasputin returned to his home village,
he began his own cult, and continued to have sex with his congregation. If you’re wondering why so many women in
the village would have been willing to join this cult and cheat on their husbands, he
was known for more than just his magic abilities. After he died, they preserved his penis, because
it had a reputation of its own. We’re not going to show a picture of it,
but let’s just say it’s abnormally large. Even some lady members of the aristocracy
began to travel far and wide to join his group for the opportunity to sin with this popular
monk. He earned quite a reputation for himself that
spanned across all of Russia. 8. He Was A Miraculous Healer At 34-years-old, Rasputin decided that he
was done preaching to a small-town audience, and he wanted to move to the capital city
of St. Petersburg. He claimed that he had a vision from the Virgin
Mary, who told him to go to the city because the royal family needed his help. Tsarina Alexandra needed to produce a male
heir to the Romanov family, but for the longest time, she was only giving birth to daughters. She was very superstitious and believed in
the occult, so she consulted several mystics to help her give birth to a boy. Unfortunately, her son, Alexi, was born with
hemophilia. This is a disease that prevents blood from
clotting, so if he were to ever get cut, the injury would never stop bleeding. When Rasputin was introduced to the Romanovs,
their son’s illness was kept a secret. He asked if he could pray over the boy, and
advised them to keep doctors away. When Alexi actually began to get better, the
boy’s parents were stunned. Modern-day theorists believe that the reason
why Alexi was healed was not because of magical powers, but because Rasputin refused to allow
Alexi to take aspirin. At the time, aspirin was prescribed by doctors
as a wonder drug, but it was actually making the boy’s hemophilia much worse. Even though Rasputin was illiterate, he did
know a thing or two about healing. 7. He Smelled Terrible According to testimonies from people who met
Rasputin, he never bothered to bathe. Pieces of food were often seen hanging in
his beard. He claimed that he went six months wearing
the same underwear. A French ambassador visiting Russia compared
his body odor to a goat. This makes it all the more repugnant that
he continued having sex with everything that moved. Apparently, they saw his disheveled appearance
as charming, and no one seemed to mind his complete lack of personal hygiene. Apparently, the quality that drove women mad
were his eyes that apparently burned into your soul. This was so strong, that some believed that
he had the ability to hypnotize people into doing his bidding with his eyes. He grew rich from the money and favors he
got by healing wealthy Russians, but he also advertised that he would accept payment in
the form of kisses… which must have been difficult, considering that he never brushed
his teeth. 6. He Was The Imperial Puppet Master After healing Alexi, he told Nicholas and
Alexandra that without him, their son would die. Since he was the sole heir to the throne,
they felt that they had no choice but to accept Rasputin’s demands. There are rumors that he was allowed to sleep
with the Tsarina as much as he wanted, and he had access to their daughters, as well. He started to call Nicholas and Alexandra
“Papa” and “Mama,” as if he was part of the family. He gave advice about what the family should
do, based on his visions that he claimed were from God. Every time anyone did something that displeased
Rasputin, he would tell the Empress, and get them in trouble. Then, of course, there were his hypnotizing
eyes. Some people believed that he had the ability
to trick anyone into doing his bidding just by staring at them, and that he could convince
anyone to do almost anything. Rasputin had all the makings of a successful
cult leader, and he used his charisma to slowly but surely manipulate everyone around him
to gain unlimited power over the Russian royal family. 5. He Had Devout Disciples Rasputin formed a fanbase of women who were
happy to show up to his apartment to listen to him speak. He wasn’t just satisfied with his many female
followers, either. Secret police were sent on his tail, and they
recorded that he hired prostitutes multiple times a day in-between appointments. One of the most tragic stories of his devout
followers was a beautiful woman named Olga Lokhtina. She originally visited Rasputin for an excruciatingly
painful intestinal neurasthenia. After he healed her, she became convinced
that he was the second coming of Christ, and she wanted to be one of his disciples. She left her wealthy husband and children
behind in order to move into Rasputin’s apartment. This, of course, became a public scandal. It was reported in the newspapers, and the
police monitored the situation closely. Lokhtina demanded that anyone who visited
Rasputin should address him as “God.” The longer she lived with him, the more she
went insane. She was eventually sent to a mental institution. 4. He Was Working With The Devil If you don’t think taking advantage of women
was evil enough, don’t worry. It gets worse. In his journals, Rasputin wrote that he was
in an ongoing inner battle with the Devil. He would purposely seek out sinful situations
in order to fight off the evil he could feel building up inside him. He would take women into bath houses and perform
a so-called ritual where he claimed the Devil possessed him into beating prostitutes. Immediately after purging this sin, he would
have sex with them. He claimed that he could actually see the
Devil standing right in front of him. Multiple people witnessed him screaming to
himself in the streets at this invisible figure. Two of the head priests in St. Petersburg
cornered Rasputin and tried to give him an intervention. One of the bishops, a man named Hermogen,
actually called him out for hurting so many women. He grabbed Rasputin’s penis and screamed
that he was the Antichrist. Then, they proceeded to beat him with a huge
crucifix. Of course, Rasputin ran and told the Tsarina
about what had happened, so those priests were banished from St. Petersburg. 3. He Was Hated By Everyone… Including Himself By now, it shouldn’t be surprising to learn
that not everyone was drinking Rasputin’s Kool-Aid. During the years he served as the royal advisor,
he earned a lot of enemies. Plenty of men were unhappy with the fact that
he went around sleeping with nearly every woman in Russia and claiming to be Jesus. While Tsar Nicholas II was battling alongside
his soldiers during World War I, Rasputin began to advise Alexandra on her decisions
as Tsarina, and even appointed his friends into positions in the government. It didn’t take long for everyone to realize
that he was making all of the decisions for her. Newspapers printed rude political cartoons
of Rasputin and the Tsarina having an affair. Empress Alexandra was born in Germany, and
she was Queen Victoria’s granddaughter. Since she was not born in Russia, this gave
people a reason to doubt that she truly cared about the country’s well-being. While people were dying and starving to death
during the war, Rasputin continued to go out and live a lavish lifestyle. Politicians called him a devil, and used him
as an example of everything that was wrong with imperial Russia. Rasputin knew that people wanted him dead. He warned Tsarina Alexandra that if anyone
with Romanov blood were responsible for his death, he would put a curse on their family
that would ensure their death within two years. 2. He Was Impossible To Kill Since Rasputin had so many enemies, there
were assassination attempts on his life on more than one occasion. The first time someone tried to kill him was
a priest named Illiador, who believed that Rasputin was the devil incarnate. He found a prostitute who had been abused
and had her nose cut off named Khioniya Guseva and paid her to kill Rasputin. They waited until he was visiting his home
in Siberia, and did not have the royal guard around to protect him. Guseva stabbed him with a knife in the stomach,
and even went as far as to pull the intestines out of his body. Somehow, he survived this attack. While he was in the hospital, Russia entered
World War I. Rasputin wrote to Nicholas II to try and stop the fighting, claiming that
he had visions of the country’s demise. He wrote to the Tsar, “we will all drown
in blood.” The Empress was trying to keep her promise
that no one in the Romanov family would be responsible for his death, but her nephew-in-law,
Felix Yusupov, plotted to kill Rasputin before he could ruin the whole country. His plan was to lure Rasputin with an offer
he couldn’t refuse. He claimed that his gorgeous wife, Irina,
was a nymphomaniac, and needed his healing touch to cure her sex addiction. According to Yusupov, he staged a party at
his home and invited Rasputin over for dinner. He laced all of his food and drink with cyanide. After hours of consuming enough poison to
take down a herd of elephants, Yusupov got tired of waiting. He pulled out a gun and shot Rasputin in the
heart. 1. He Rose From the Dead In the 1997 Dreamworks animated movie Anastasia,
Rasputin channels his demon powers to rise from the dead to make sure every last member
of the Romanov family dies. While this might seem ridiculous to include
a zombie in a story inspired by history, that is actually not too far off from what really
happened. According to witnesses, Yusupov and his friends
celebrated Rasputin’s death after poisoning and shooting him in the chest. He seemed to be dead, but Yusupov felt paranoid,
so he went to check on Rasputin’s body… and he opened his eyes. Rasputin began to run into the courtyard. This time, Rasputin was shot multiple times,
including a shot to the head, so there was no chance of survival. Then, the men beat him with metal rods for
good measure, and tied up his body in a large bag and tossed him into the freezing cold
river. Even after all of this, the autopsy revealed
that there was water in his lungs… which meant he was breathing, even after being shot
in the head. Of course, critics believe that Yusupov exaggerated
this story. The curse that he put upon the Romanov family
really did come true. During the Communist revolution, all of them
were rounded up and murdered – even the children. People who loved the royal family had hoped
that at least one of the children survived… but that’s a story for another day.

Top 10 Firsts that Weren’t Actually First

Top Ten Firsts that Weren’t Actually First 10. First Non-stop Transatlantic flight If you asked someone who the first person
to cross the Atlantic was, most would say Charles Lindbergh. And they’d be right. Except
that, no, they wouldn’t. While he did fly solo before anyone else, he is often accredited
with being “the first person to fly across the Atlantic”. In reality, John Alcock and
Arthur Whitten Brown were, just short of 8 years ahead of Lindbergh. Leaving from Newfoundland
on July 14, 1919, they two had a pretty rough flight. On 6 separate occasions, Brown had
to climb out onto the wings and knock off ice, as well as Alcock having to fly dangerously
low in the hopes of preventing the engines from freezing over more. Sixteen hours later,
the two of them landed in Ireland. Locals tried to wave them on to a landing strip,
but the two men just waved back and crashed into the bog. Not because they’re stupid,
because Brown had removed the front wheel to reduce weight and they couldn’t have landed
on the runway. 9. The Inventor of the Telephone Almost everyone still believes that Alexander
Graham Bell is the inventor of the telephone. While Bell did patent the telephone in 1876,
and started up the first telecommunications business, named after himself, he was nothing
more than the inventor of plagiarism (or so he (probably) said). The designs that Bell
patented were those of Antonio Meucci, who demonstrated his telephone a full 16 years
before Bell patented it. At the time, the Italian immigrant couldn’t afford to pay the
$250 fee to patent his designs, and he only grew poorer as time passed. He had showed
his design to the Western Union telegraph company, but the executives didn’t want to
meet him. He was told his materials were lost and couldn’t be returned, and then 2 years
later, his old lab partner Bell had patented them. Meucci sued Bell, but died before a
verdict was reached. In 2002, US congress officially recognized him as the inventor,
but still he goes largely unknown. 8. Columbus Discovering America Everybody who has ever taken a history lesson
knows that in 1492, Columbus set sail from Spain with his three ships, the Nina, the
Pinta and the Santa Maria, and “discovered” America. Only the new world wasn’t really
that new to some Europeans . Around the year 1000, a group of Vikings, led by a man named
Leif Ericson, landed in Newfoundland, which they called Vinland after its grapes. It is
most likely that they set sail from a settlement in Iceland, and this site currently remains
they only confirmed Viking settlement in North America. There is no shortage of evidence
that this is a Viking settlement either: The style of the houses, iron, pottery, a Norse-style
pin head and ring for cloaks and much more all confirm Viking settlement. It is estimated
that they stayed no longer than a decade, but various expeditions occurred, including
one of 160 men and women. Although he only led the first expedition, there is no doubt
that Leif Ericson led Vikings to North America around 500 years before Columbus. 7. The Theory of Evolution A lot of people will probably want to call
bull on this one. Darwin must have developed the theory of evolution. That’s why the leading
theory is called “Darwinian Evolution”. The truth is not far off really. Charles Darwin
was largely influenced by his grandfather, Erasmus Darwin. Erasmus could not really pinpoint
how life evolved, but he did believe that all life had a common ancestor, and that we
changed over time. He wrote a poem to this effect: “Organic life beneath the shoreless waves Was born and nurs’d in ocean’s pearly caves; …These, as successive generations bloom, New powers acquire and larger limbs assume” So where Erasmus said change occurred over
generations, Charles, in more detail, said that beneficial mutations build up over generations
and eventually result in a completely different organism. While it was Charles who developed
the idea of natural selection, Erasmus did believe that sexual selection caused change
in species. He wrote that “…the strongest and most active animal should propagate the
species which should thus be improved”, a concept we know Charles described as “survival
of the fittest”. 6. The First Printing Press This is another one a lot of us will know
from history class. The printing press was probably the biggest driving force of the
renaissance, as it allowed information to be spread at an exponential rate (at least
back then. Now we have instant access to a greater amount of more accurate information
on this site alone). This press was developed in 1439 by Johannes Guttenberg, and could
make about 240 pages an hour, with fewer mistakes and better quality. But, as revolutionary
as it was, it’s a pity the rest of the world didn’t take a printed leaf out of Korea’s
book 200 years earlier, because that’s when the Goryeo dynasty started printing books.
The printing press was developed for the first time in 13th Century Korea, when the Mongols
were destroying their religious texts, and the Koreans were trying desperately to save
them. Now, we only have one volume of one book left, called Jikji, but it is still almost
100 years older than Guttenberg’s famous 42 lined Bible. There are some who believed Guttenberg
took the technology from Korea, but there’s no way to be sure. 5. The First SOS Distress Call The Titanic is famous for a lot of things,
like sinking on the maiden voyage, not having enough lifeboats for everyone on board, and
James Cameron. One thing it should not be famous for is being the first to use SOS to
call for help, because it wasn’t. Yet many people believe it was, possibly because it
is the most famous ship that has had to call for help, or because there is a certain tragedy
in it not working the first time it was used. The truth is, the first wireless distress
call was by the East Goodwin Lightship on March 17 1899, and that worked. But that call
was “CQD”, not SOS, which was introduced later. But despite that, SOS was not even used first
by Titanic. It was used in 1909, by the SS Slavonia, and that was also a successful distress
call. Sorry, Titanic. Unlike that iceberg, you just don’t quite make the cut. 4. First Man to Circumnavigate the Globe Clearly it’s time to replace history books
with the internet, because they really are just a big collection of lies. One of the
major explorers of his time, most people who know Magellan will think of him as the first
man to circumnavigate the world. While his ship did eventually come full circle around
the globe, Magellan himself died in the Philippines before the journey was done. While there is
really no way of knowing how much of the crew was on board for the whole journey, we can
be pretty sure that Enrique De Malacca was. He was a slave of Magellan’s, who was used
as an interpreter. While he interpreted Malay, and was picked up in the Malay Peninsula,
many people believe he was actually Filipino, where he is viewed as a hero. 3. The First Light Bulb Yet another entry that seems painfully obvious.
Even if you know nothing else about Thomas Edison, you know that he invented the light
bulb, and that’s enough. Well, you’re about to know a bit more about him than a lot of
people. Edison was nowhere near the first to come up with light bulbs. There were a
lot of earlier versions of light bulbs that used platinum, but were consequently very
expensive. Sir Humphry Davy (pictured) passed electricity through platinum to create light
as early as 1801, 78 years before Edison’s bulb. But Warren de la Rue used platinum in
a vacuum, like modern day bulbs, for the first time in 1840. They lasted longer, but were
still too expensive to be practical. The first modern bulb was developed by Heinrich Göbel
in 1854, and ten months before Edison, Joseph Wilson Swan patented a bulb almost exactly
like Edison’s. Yeah, so it’s a bit of a stretch to say he was first. 2. The Big Bang Theory This one will undoubtedly make a lot of readers
angry, and as former US Secretary of State Dean Rusk said “The best way to persuade people
is with a long, angry comment on the internet”, so go wild. A Belgian priest, Fr. Georges
Lemaitre, proposed the theory of the expanding Universe in 1927, but was unsure about how
this could occur, so he met with Einstein to discuss it. Einstein was not convinced
and apparently told Lemaitre “Your calculations are good, but your physics is terrible”. In
1931, Lemaitre suggested that the universe had begun from a minuscule point that contained
all matter, which he called the primeval atom, which exploded at the moment of creation.
That same year, he visited Einstein, who this time was convinced, and said that rejecting
it the first time was the biggest mistake of his life. The name “Big Bang” was used
first by skeptic physicist, Fred Hoyle, who was actually using the name as a way to make
the whole theory sound ridiculous. 1. The First President of the United States This one is not so much a case of mistaken
achievement or a result of the truth being lost to time as it is a technicality. George
Washington is and most likely always will be officially recognized as the first president
of the United States. But Peyton Randolph was the first president of the Continental
Congress, which governed the “United Colonies of America” during the American Revolution,
which would go on to become the United States (obviously). A letter to Washington from one
of the so called “forgotten presidents,” John Hancock, was signed “President,” and Washington’s
reply was addressed to “The President of the United States”. There were no fewer than 14
presidents before Washington. The reason he is considered the first is because the rest
never served under the current constitution. But it was because of many of the other forgotten
presidents that the US gained independence in the first place, and it hardly seems fair
that they be forgotten just because they had to be a confederation to do this. Should every
president prior to the entrance of Hawaii be dropped to, since technically they were
only president of some United States?

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Top 10 Times the Butler Actually Did It — TopTenzNet

Top 10 Times the Butler Actually Did It 10. Guilty of Assault, but Makes a Delicious
Breakfast After a stint as an under butler at Buckingham
Palace in the late 1990s, 34-year old Gary Lindley had settled into a quiet country life
in Barnstaple, Devon, where he worked as butler to the Earl and Countess of Arran at Castle
Hill Estate. However, after being kicked out of a pub in late 2008, Lindley attacked a
50-year old man. After admitting to causing bodily harm, Lindley was ordered by Barnstaple
Magistrates’ Court to pay 150 pounds to his victim, observe a three-month 9:00 p.m.-to-9:00
a.m. curfew, and to wear an electronic monitoring tag. However, this punishment didn’t sit well
with Lindley’s boss, Lady Eleanor, a countess who is the 16th generation of her family to
inhabit the 5,000-acre Castle Hill Estate. Lindley successfully petitioned the court
to remove the monitoring tag on the frequent occasions he was required to stay overnight
to better serve the Earl and Countess. After the verdict the countess pronounced that,
“He is the most wonderful butler and these things can happen to anyone,” and added
that, “Gary cooks the best breakfasts and the best scrambled eggs.” 9. From Convicted Murder to Governor’s Butler Harrison Cage is the rare case of someone
who did it and then became a butler, in this case serving Governor Bobby Jindal of Louisiana.
In 1993, a jury unanimously convicted Cage of second-degree murder in the stabbing of
his nephew, Tyrone Clark. While serving his life sentence for the crime, Cage came to
be considered trustworthy enough for special privileges, including work detail outside
of the prison walls. In Cage’s case, his work included serving as Bobby Jindal’s
personal butler at the Governor’s mansion and came with upgraded overnight digs at the
State Police Barracks. While allowing convicted murderers in close proximity to high-level
elected officials may seem like a recipe for disaster, Louisiana is far from the only state
to employ the “trusty” system. In 2012, Mississippi Governor Haley Barbour came under
fire for pardoning five such inmates who had worked at the Governor’s residence – including
four convicted murderers – on his way out of office. In his eight years at the Governor’s mansion,
Cage has been a dedicated employee who is the first to arrive in the morning and the
last to leave at night, based on accounts from mansion coordinator Irene Shepherd, who
testified at a May, 2015 hearing where Cage requested a reduced sentence. 8. Royal Butler, With a Side of Pedophilia Paul Kidd served as royal butler and then
senior footman to Queen Elizabeth from 1977 to 1984. While his public persona was “charming,”
Kidd had a much darker side as a serial sexual abuser of children. Described by a source
as a “brilliant groomer,” Kidd captured his victims’ attention with grandiose stories
of royal connections. One victim was even brought to a tea party with the Queen Mother.
In the end, Kidd was brought down by his desire for the limelight. After one of his three victims read a newspaper
interview given by Kidd on the 10th anniversary of Princess Diana’s death, the victim went
to police, who uncovered evidence of Kidd’s string of crimes against children, including
over 18,000 images of child pornography. Facing almost 30 charges, Kidd pleaded guilty to
six counts of indecent assault, five counts of sexual activity with a child, and one count
of causing or inciting a child to engage in sexual activity, along with 11 counts of making
indecent images of a child and two counts of possessing indecent images of children.
Ordering a sentence of at least six years, Judge Mushtaq Khokar told Kidd, “I regard
you as someone who is dangerous and presents a risk to all the young people you may come
across.” 7. Model Servant by Day, Jewel Thief by Night When Claude Heritier joined the household
staff of the famous Morgan family’s house in New York City in 1907, they were thrilled
to land a second butler with such an impressive pedigree and references. Heritier came highly
recommended from his previous employer, and in the Morgan household he was noted for his
“unerring” memory, always able to recall where even trivial items were located. In
1908, his remarkable sense of recall also apparently served him well in helping him
to find and steal roughly $8,000 worth of diamonds and jewelry from the Morgan household. Much of the haul came from the “inadvertently”
unlocked safe of David P. Morgan’s widowed mother, who lived on the second floor. Heritier
had the good sense to cut the phone lines on his way out, to quickly dump costume jewelry
that was mixed in with the heirlooms, and to hop a steamer ship to Belgium. However,
his accomplice was soon picked up in Liverpool, England, and two days later, the police found
Heritier, along with two of the stolen necklaces, holed up in London. He promptly confessed
to his role in the theft, detailing how he had sold of several of the purloined jewels. 6. Hiding the “Little Black Book” from
Investigators Jeffrey Epstein may be the world’s richest
convicted sex offender. The multimillionaire made his fortune as a money manager and spent
it lavishly, purchasing several properties including a private island in the Caribbean.
He hobnobbed with high-profile friends and contacts in science, politics, and the British
Royal family. His hedonistic lifestyle included paying for numerous inappropriate massages,
several of them from underage girls. Attempts to prosecute Epstein for his sex crimes in
2007 ended in a deal with prosecutors in which Epstein agreed to plead guilty to two lesser
charges of soliciting underage prostitutes, earning him an 18-month jail sentence. Two years later, Alfredo Rodriguez, Epstein’s
former butler, would receive an identical sentence. His crime? Refusing to turn over
a “little black book” detailing his ex-boss’ sexual escapades to investigators and then
trying to sell it to lawyers representing women in civil lawsuits against Epstein. Rodriguez
pled guilty to obstruction of justice and, while US District Judge Kenneth Marra acknowledged
the incongruity of the identical 18-month sentences for both men, he pointed out that,
“If this book had been produced when requested, Mr. Epstein’s sentence may have been significantly
different.” 5. The Art Thief Butler Who May Not Have Acted
Alone Oil tycoon Howard Keck and his wife Elizabeth
had filled their capacious Bel-Air mansion, La Lanterne, with expensive art and antiques,
as well as full-time house staff to run the large estate. In early 1987, two long-time
employees, Roy Gunnar Donell, who had worked as the family’s butler for 11 years, and
his wife Christina, the cook, gave their notice, ostensibly because Roy required surgery. They
waved off Mrs. Keck’s offers that she would pay for the surgery if they stayed. A few months later, Elizabeth noticed that
Fria Luften, a valuable impressionist painting by Swedish artist Anders Zorn, looked a bit
off. Upon closer examination, she realized that the painting wasn’t a painting at all,
but rather a photograph printed on canvas. After determining it was an inside job, detectives
learned Donell had auctioned the painting off in Sweden. Confronted with overwhelming evidence, Roy
admitted he had taken and sold the paintings, but he asserted an unusual defense. He claimed
that Elizabeth, who was embroiled in nasty divorce proceedings with Howard, had asked
him to surreptitiously sell the paintings for her so that she could pay her lawyers.
Elizabeth angrily denied these accusations, but Donell was aided by Howard’s testimony,
in which he said of his estranged wife “I don’t think she is a truthful person.”
Though Donell admitted to replacing the paintings with photos and sneaking them to Sweden to
sell, he was acquitted by the jury of larceny charges. 4. Cooking, Cleaning, and Extorting When socialite Anne Bass fired her butler
Emanuel Nicolescu in May, 2006 after discovering he’d taken one of her cars for his personal
use and then crashed it, she thought she had seen the last of him. Unfortunately, her next
encounter with her ex-employee would be even more unpleasant. In April of 2007, masked
men invaded her western Connecticut estate, tied up her and her companion, and injected
them with what the assailants claimed was a deadly virus. The intruders said they could supply an antidote
in exchange for $8.5 million, but eventually fled without receiving any money. The injected
substance proved to be harmless. Nicolescu, who claimed to be innocent, was the only member
of the group (believed by authorities to be comprised at least 4 men) apprehended. At
least two of them are believed to have fled to Romania, Nicolescu’s native country.
Nicolescu wasn’t so lucky: calling the extortion plot a “horrific crime,” U.S District
Judge Mark Kravitz imposed a 20 year prison sentence on the former butler. 3. Those Secrets Aren’t Safe from Betrayal Paul Burrell had a long history with the British
Royal family, having started work as a footman for the Queen in 1976. In 1984, he married
Maria Cosgrove, who was working for Prince Philip as a maid. In 1987, he began working
as personal butler to Princess Diana, a role that would come to define his life and one
he would occupy until Diana’s untimely death in a car accident in 1997. Burrell was considered
a trusted and integral part of the household, often traveling with the princess, and after
Diana’s death, the Queen awarded him the Royal Victorian Medal for his service to the
royal family and the Princess of Wales. While he initially pledged to keep the secrets
he had learned through his tenure as Diana’s butler, Burrell ultimately wrote two tell-all
books detailing stories and secrets from his royal service. Burrell was tried for stealing
some of Diana’s personal effects after her death, but charges were dropped and the trial
ended after revelations from the Queen that the butler had told her that he was removing
some items for safekeeping. There was also some suggestion of perjury during an inquest
into Diana’s death, but the ex-butler has never been convicted of any crime. However,
when Burrell’s first tell-all book was announced, Princes William and Harry made their disappointment
public, noting, “We cannot believe that Paul, who was entrusted with so much, could
abuse his position in such a cold and overt betrayal.” 2. Thou Shalt Not Steal Papal Correspondence In 2012, the Vatican was rocked by the “Vatileaks”
scandal, in which confidential letters between Pope Benedict XVI and his personal secretary
were revealed in the Italian press and published in a bestselling book, His Holiness, by Italian
journalist Gianluigi Nuzzi. While the public was captivated by the peek inside the secretive
inner workings, political rivalries, and corruption of the Vatican, the Vatican was fixated on
another question: who leaked the documents? The answer to that question would soon become
apparent, and so very, very trite. As the butler to Pope Benedict, Paolo Gabriele
was responsible for preparing breakfast and clothing, accompanying the Pope on his day-to-day
activities. However, Gabriele became increasingly disillusioned with what he saw as corruption
within the Church hierarchy and the efforts to hide this threat from Pope Benedict. Explaining
his decision to try to capture the Pope’s attention by secretly taking Benedict’s
personal correspondence and turning it over to the press, Gabriele said, “Seeing evil
and corruption everywhere in the church, I…could no longer control myself.” Two weeks after
the book was published, Gabriele was arrested when thousands of photocopied documents were
found in his Vatican City home. Gabriele pled not guilty, while acknowledging that he had
betrayed the Pope’s trust, and argued that he had acted for the good of the church. Gabriele
was found guilty and sentenced to 18 months in prison, though weeks after the sentence,
Pope Benedict pardoned his former butler. 1. “The Monster Butler” Archibald Hall has been called the “Monster
Butler,” and considering he was suspected in five murders it’s a title that’s richly
deserved. Born into poverty in Glasgow in 1924, he was in and out of prison throughout
his life. He worked to lose his Scottish accent, learn the rules of etiquette, and become knowledgeable
about antiques, transforming himself into “Roy Fontaine,” a butler to the British
aristocracy. Perhaps Hall’s list of crimes would have
stopped at his early string of thefts, but David Wright, an ex-lover who had been in
prison with Hall, accepted a gamekeeper position at the estate where he was working. Wright
quickly returned to his thieving ways, irritating Hall, who claimed he wanted to “go straight.”
This argument escalated, with exposure of Hall’s true identity and criminal past a
constant threat. Finally, while the pair were out hunting, Hall shot Wright and buried his
body. He quickly left his post and moved to London,
where he secured a position as a butler for a wealthy older couple, Walter and Dorothy
Scott-Elliot. Along with his accomplice Michael Kitto, he planned to rob his employers, but
the two men killed the couple after Dorothy overheard their plot. A third, female accomplice
dressed in the clothes of the late Mrs. Scott-Elliot and quickly emptied the couple’s bank accounts.
When the former prostitute began drawing attention to herself with her penchant for wearing the
fancy clothes she had stolen, Kitto and Hall added her to their body count. The two returned
to Hall’s family home, but when Hall’s half-brother began asking too many questions,
he too was murdered. Ultimately, the duo was caught in a hotel after the proprietor became
suspicious and called police, who discovered Hall’s brother’s body in the trunk of
their car. Hall was convicted of four of the murders and sentenced to life in prison, where
he remained until his 2002 death.

Top 10 “Vegetarian” Foods Which Aren’t Actually Vegetarian

Top 10 “Vegetarian” Foods Which Aren’t
Actually Vegetarian 10. Apples Have you ever bought an apple and felt that
it was rather waxy? Apples produce a natural wax to retain their moisture and stay fresh.
After being picked apples are washed to remove dirt, which also removes their wax, so they’re
coated in another wax. New waxes include carnauba, candellia or shellac. Carnauba and candellia
are plant based, but shellac is derived from the lac bug. Generally the type of wax used
on apples is unspecified at the point of purchase. So how do you make sure your apples are vegetarian?
Either buy them from a farmer’s market or ask the grocery store’s produce manager
if they have access to this information from their apple supplier. 9. Fries French fries, whether you buy them from a
restaurant, a fast food chain or from the frozen aisle at your grocery store, may contain
beef tallow, a rendered form of beef fat. Fries are usually processed in a factory where
they’re fried in beef tallow before being frozen and transported. Although a store may
claim their products are cooked in 100% vegetable oil, this claim might not factor in the beef
tallow frying. McDonald’s were sued in 2001 by a group of vegetarians as McDonald’s
fries contained beef flavoring, which they failed to disclose on their ingredients list.
However, McDonald’s never claimed their french fries were vegetarian — that was
just the assumption. If you want to be certain your fries contain no animal fat or other
by-products, ask for an ingredients list or do your research online before heading out
to eat. 8. Vegetarian Fast Food Meals Speaking of fast food, be wary of any food
labeled vegetarian at fast food chains. Just because it’s advertised as such doesn’t
guarantee it contains no meat or animal by-products. Fast food labeled “veggie” (for example,
veggie burgers) may be misleading, as the store is making no claim the product is actually
vegetarian. While care is taken during food preparation, vegetarian foods may be contaminated
with meat. It’s common for vegetarian pizzas to contain the odd piece of pepperoni, and
the cheese is likely to contain animal rennet. Where vegetarian nachos are offered, the refried
beans may contain animal fats. Veggie burgers may also contain rennet. Always ask about
the ingredients and never assume a product is completely free of meat by-products. Most
fast food chains now provide ingredients for all their products on their websites, so it’s
easy to check out your vegetarian options before dining out. 7. Red Foods Look out for foods with an unnatural red color!
Color E120, also known as carmine, carminic acid or natural red #4, is extracted from
the ground-up shell of the female cochineal insect. Cochineal can be found in food coloring,
jellies, lollypops, strawberry milk flavoring, strawberry flavored yogurts, and many other
red colored foods. Cochineal is also used to color lipsticks, clothing and pill coatings.
If a packet states “all natural colors,” you can safely assume that natural red color
is from the cochineal beetle, as most other red color additives are synthetically made.
The use of cochineal as a red dye originated in Peru about 1500 years ago. As bugs as animals,
anything containing cochineal coloring is not suitable for vegetarians. 6. Ice Cream Ice cream is a comfort food vegetarians might
have to cross off their shopping lists. Many ice creams contain a fatty acid derived from
animal fats, known as capric acid or decanoic acid. Another animal-derived ingredient that
may be used is gelatin, although that’s rare. Lard, however, has commonly been reported
to be contained in ice cream. Luckily, vegetarians can still slurp up this soft serve treat — just
make sure you read the ingredients list to be sure there are no animal fats or gelatin
in your ice cream. Alternatively, you could always buy a non-dairy ice cream or make your
own ice cream! 5. White Sugar There are two sources of white sugar — cane
sugar and beet sugar. Cane sugar undergoes a refining process, where the sugar may be
processed through charcoal that can be made with bones of animals. While no traces of
bone can be found in refined sugar, the fact that animal bones are used in the production
make white cane sugar non-vegetarian. Cane sugar can also be refined with more modern
technology, but unless you contact the sugar manufacturer you can’t be certain which
refining process was used. Beet sugar doesn’t need this refining process,
so it’s safe for vegetarians. Vegetarian alternatives to white sugar also include raw
sugar and coconut sugar. Brown sugar is often white sugar combined with molasses, so it’s
not safe to assume brown sugar is safe for vegetarians. Also be aware of any processed
foods already containing sugar, such as baked goods or canned fruits, as these may contain
sugar refined with bone char. 4. Cheese Many vegetarians rely on cheese as a source
of protein and calcium, but did you know that not all cheeses are vegetarian? Many hard
cheeses contain rennet, which is an enzyme that separates the curds and whey in the milk.
Animal rennet is derived from the fourth stomach lining of slaughtered unweaned calves. Parmesan,
Gorgonzola and Grana Padano always use animal rennet, as to be named as such they need to
be produced using calf rennet. Soft cheeses may or may not be produced with rennet, so
check the ingredients list on the cheese package. Vegetarian cheese lovers can find cheeses
with rennet derived from vegetable, fungi or microbial sources. Most cheeses in grocery
stores state the source of their rennet, but if they don’t you should assume the rennet
is derived from calves. Be wary of cheese in foods at fast food chains or restaurants
— ask to see an ingredients list before ordering. 3. Alcohol Beer must seem harmless enough for vegetarians
— it’s just malt and water fermented, right? But after the fermentation process
some beer manufacturers refine their beer with isinglass (fish swim bladders) chitosan
(derived from crab shells) or gelatin (derived from animal bones and ligaments). The fining
agents used in the refining process collect the yeast and clarify the beer, ensuring it
isn’t cloudy. Generally, none of these fining agents remain in the end product, so technically
you aren’t consuming bits of crab or fish bladders when you drink beer. However, some
traces may remain (some beer labels have a disclaimer that the product may contain traces
of crustacean) and a hardcore vegetarian wouldn’t want to consume something produced with the
aid of animals. Wine is another alcoholic beverage which may
contain traces of dead animals. Chitosan, gelatin and isinglass are all often used to
clarify white wines, and gelatin can be used in red wines to remove tannins. Good news
for vegetarian booze lovers though — most spirits aren’t produced with the use of
meat by-products. A good resource to check if an alcoholic beverage is vegetarian or
not is www.barnivore.com. 2. Yogurt Like cheese, many vegetarians consume lots
of yogurt, believing it’s an animal-free source of nutrients and probiotics. However,
some yogurt contain gelatin, and some strawberry flavored yogurt may contain the previously
discussed red coloring. Also look out for yogurt which contain added omega-3s — the
omega-3 fatty acids are usually in the form of fish oil. To be sure your yogurt is vegetarian,
always read the ingredients. Look for natural and plain yogurts as these are less likely
to have unnecessary ingredients (although gelatin, cochineal and fish oil are all classed
as natural ingredients, so don’t assume all natural yogurts are vegetarian). Not sure
you can trust commercial yogurt brands now? You could also buy a yogurt maker and make
the yogurt yourself so you know exactly what ingredients are in it! 1. Bread Watch out for bread, vegetarians! No longer
just flour, yeast and water, breads now contain all sorts of ingredients that might surprise
you. Have you seen the breads claiming to be “heart healthy” and enriched with omega-3s?
These breads usually contain fish oil, or they may contain flax seeds — check the
ingredients. Breads may also contain L-cysteine (a derivative of human hair, hog hair or poultry
feathers, which is also known as L-cysteine monohydrochloride or additive 920). Not all
L-cysteine is derived from animal sources, however non-animal L-cysteine (synthetically
produced or fermented from vegetables) is more expensive to produce so animal-derived
L-cysteine is more commonly used.

Top 10 BIZARRE Things That Are Actually 100% LEGAL

Most things that are considered to be strange,
dangerous, or offensive eventually become illegal at some point in time. However, there are a few things that are truly
unsettling, and yet somehow, they are perfectly legal. Here are the top 10 outrageously strange things
that are actually legal. 10. Too Many Babies Mitsutoki Shigeta is the son of a Japanese
billionaire. When he turned 24, he decided that he wanted
to have a big family with lots of children. Sure, this seems normal, but instead of finding
a girlfriend or a wife and trying to make babies the old fashioned way, he hired multiple
surrogate mothers in Thailand to carry his DNA. Surrogate mothers in Thailand can earn up
to $10,000 for each baby. In 2014, Shigeta paid ten different surrogate
mothers to carry his children, and ended up with a total of 16 babies. According to witnesses, he wanted to make
10 to 15 babies per year for the rest of his life. Despite the fact that Shigeta’s lawyer keeps
insisting that his client just wants a big family, no one seems to believe it. Even Interpol thought that there is a darker
motive at work, and yet they cannot find any evidence of human trafficking. Thailand actually passed a new law in 2015
claiming that it is illegal for foreigners to use Thai mothers as surrogates. As soon as it was illegal in Thailand, Shigeta
jumped ship and began making babies in Cambodia. In 2016, three more of his children were found
living with nannies. According to someone who worked at a Cambodian
fertility clinic, they say that one day, Mitsutoki Shigeta would like his gigantic clan of children
to vote for him so he can win elections, as well as run his business empire. He was quoted saying that he isn’t going
to stop making more babies until the day he dies. 9. It Will Cost an Arm and a Leg It’s definitely not legal to keep freshly
severed human body parts lying around the house… unless they’re yours. In 2011, Kristi Loyall was diagnosed with
cancer in her toes, and it was beginning to spread. She had to get her entire foot and a portion
of her lower leg amputated. When the operation was over, the doctors put
her leg in a plastic bag. She didn’t want to part with it, so, she
asked the doctors if she could take it home. It turns out that this is perfectly legal,
because… well, it was still technically her foot, whether it was attached to her body
or not. The doctors preserved the leg for her in formaldehyde,
and she passed it onto a company that specializes in cleaning flesh off of bone. Now, she has a clean skeleton of her leg. Kristy uses it as a decoration in her home,
and takes selfies with it. The foot is also a star of its own Instagram
account, called OneFootWanderer. 8. Gone Fishing Fishing is usually a rather calm pastime that
requires a lot of sitting and waiting. For Courtland Hunt, he wanted to take fishing
to the next level… by shooting fish with his Glock 9mm handgun. It turns out that as long as you are 8 miles
away from the Florida shoreline (of course it’s Florida), it is perfectly legal to
shoot fish. After all, if hunting with guns is legal on
land, why not underwater? Thankfully, Courtland exclusively shot Lionfish. They are venomous, and they do not have any
natural predators to keep their population in check. The only reason why they are in the Atlantic
Ocean is because they were once kept as exotic pets in fish tanks, and Americans began to
dump them into the ocean when they grew tired of them. Lionfish began to multiply and kill off other
species of fish. They are responsible for damaging natural
ecosystems of coral reefs. So, while Courtland and his friends have a
hobby that is a bit odd, he is actually doing a good thing for the waters surrounding his
home in Florida, and it is perfectly legal. 7. May the Force Be With You There are a lot of die-hard Star Wars fans
out there, but not many would go as far as to completely change their identity to match
one of their favorite characters. The Sith Lord formerly known as Eric Welch
decided that he wanted to legally change his name to Darth Vader, and he got his wish. His New York State driver’s license reads
‘Darth Vader’, and yes, he does cosplay. It turns out that you can change your name
to anything you want, so long as you’re not using it as a way to avoid your debt,
or running from a crime. You also can’t try to impersonate a famous
person, use racial slurs, or change your name to a number… that is, unless you spell it
out with letters. So, that means Eleven from Stranger Things
would have a hard time getting that on a driver’s license. Welch was raised in 8 different foster homes
as a child, and transferred schools 15 times. To make matters worse, he has been battling
leukemia for years. As far as we’re concerned, he can call himself
anything he wants, and thankfully, the law agrees. 6. Pigs on a Plane For many people who have a physical disability,
they will get a service animal to help them navigate the world around them. For someone with a mental condition, they
can get permission to bring their “emotional support animals” with them in public places. For most people, they choose a dog or cat
as their support animal. Technically, anyone with a licensed service
animal can bring it in a public place. US Airways complies by allowing service animals
on their planes, so long as the passenger notifies the airline within a year of their
travel date. They also must provide documentation from
a certified medical professional. Normally, people will bring their dogs or
cats in a crate. US Airways would have never anticipated that
in 2014, a passenger brought her pig on the plane. According to witnesses, the pot-bellied support
pig was squealing the entire time it was on board, and the passengers were not very happy. A man named Robert Phelps was unlucky enough
to have a seat next to this woman… especially when the pig pooed all over the aisle. According to Phelps, the woman talked about
the pig like he was a person, and her reaction to him defecating everywhere was that he was
“being a jerk.” The flight attendants had to ask her to leave. Technically, this woman wasn’t doing anything
illegal, but honestly, no one ever wants to be flying next to a pig on a plane. 5. Life Insurance on Employees This next one is immoral and unsettling, and
it is a perfect example of how the rich get richer. In the United States, it is perfectly legal
for major corporations to take out life insurance policies on their employees. So, if an employee were to ever pass away,
the company cashes in on their deaths. In fact, major banks like JPMorgan Chase and
Wells Fargo own billions of dollars in life insurance policies on their employees… as
if they needed any more money. What is even more upsetting about this fact
is that none of this money will ever go the the families of the deceased. It is intended to help the companies reduce
any loss that they may endure from the employee’s death, and the cost of finding a replacement. However, the amount they cash out on these
policies far exceeds what they are actually paying in expenses. 4. Imitation is the Highest Form of Flattery In the United States, there are strict copyright
laws that protect a company’s brand image, and lawsuits are filed on a regular basis
to protect their rights. In China, however, these rules are lax, if
non-existent. An American travel blogger spotted an “Apple
Store” in Kunming, China, only to realize that it actually wasn’t. The store claimed to be Apple, and everything
from the decor to the employee uniforms are a total copy. The computers, phones, and iPods are also
legitimate products. However, she realized that it was actually
an elaborate fake. Even the employees assumed that they worked
at a real Apple Store, despite the fact that it was not listed among the Apple website’s
official Chinese locations. One of the shop owners was quoted saying,
“There is no Chinese law against decorating my store the way I want to decorate it.” And they’re correct. While a few of these stores applied to become
official Apple stores for the sake of their reputation, others simply don’t care, and
continue to sell in their fake shops without risk of being sued. 3. Worst Gift Ever Getting a package in the mail is exciting,
even as an adult. Imagine opening a package to find… poo. Yes, even mailing poo is legal. On Black Friday of 2014, Cards Against Humanity
had a “Bullsh** Box” that sold 30,000 copies at $6 each. When customers opened their packages, they
discovered that it was very literally a dried piece of bull excrement. They’re not the only ones who have a corner
on the poo market. A company called PoopSenders.com specializes
in mailing elephant, cow, and gorilla poo as a “gag gift.” Sending poo is only illegal if it’s done
with the intent of harming or harassing a victim. If it can be considered a joke or for “entertainment”
purposes, then it’s perfectly legal… but obviously, unwelcome. 2. I’ve Got a Bone to Pick With You Facebook Marketplace is still a relatively
new place to buy and sell online, but they’ve cornered one particular market that eBay banned
in 2016: selling human bones. The only type of bones that are illegal to
sell online are the remains of Native American people. For any other race, it’s perfectly legal
to trade in dry bones for “scientific” purposes. Outside of private collectors swapping through
Facebook, there are independent businesses, like SkullsUnlimited.com, that sell bones
that are both real and re-creations. If you want your very own re-creation of a
Cro-Magnon cranium, it will only cost you $195. However, if you’re looking to buy a real
human skull from shops like The Bone Room, expect to pay $1,500 or more. One of the most disturbing facts about this
is trend is that for years, human skulls were a popular in India. One dealer was found with 1,500 child-sized
skulls in a single shipment, and he never offered a reasonable explanation as to where
they actually came from. Because of this incident, it became illegal
to export human remains in 1985. China picked up with exporting human remains,
until it also became obvious that people were being murdered to keep up with a trend. They outlawed it in 2008. However, it still remains legal to buy and
sell human remains in the United States, and for those with a fascination for the macabre,
the demand appears to still exist. 1. Driving With The Top Down Last, but certainly not least: in the United
States, it is perfectly legal to drive around in your car naked. Actually, this law changes slightly from state
to state. In Nebraska, a man named Nickolus Borgman
was driving drunk with his girlfriend when he was pulled over by the cops. Both he and his girlfriend were completely
naked, they weren’t wearing seatbelts, and they had open containers of alcohol in the
front seat. He was cited for a DUI, but in Nebraska, there
is no law against driving naked. In most states, it is legal to drive around
topless… even for ladies.

Fascinating Facts About the Human Body

April 10, 2020 | Articles, Blog | 100 Comments

Fascinating Facts About the Human Body

It’s no wonder that so many of us take our
bodies for granted; we take them with us everywhere we go. We’ve all been there when it comes to complaining
about aches and pains. People have been known to spend more than
a million dollars altering the appearance of their bodies. There are some, such as neuroscientist Randal
Keone, who want to end human dependence on bodies by creating computers into which our
consciousnesses can be uploaded. This is overlooking what a beautiful, elegant
machine the human body is. Its many intricacies, quirks, and surprises. So let’s break out the microscopes and give
the wondrous body a little more of its due. 10. The Prodigious Data of a Genome In 2003, after three years of work, the International
Human Genome Sequencing Project declared they had finished ordering the data that would
allow them to write a human genome. It was noted that this was two years ahead
of schedule. Why would it have been expected to take five
years to write out the amount of data in a human genome? Well, a genome is a complete set of human
DNA., which as we all know is basically the code that is ordered to make out a specific
human and their traits. Though specific traits such as hair color,
height, and such only comprise about 2% of DNA while the rest is more or less a standard
human template. The code is usually broken down into patterns
of the letters U, G, A, C, and T (CC, AT, TG, etc.). A single genome of DNA will have 3.5 billion
pairs of data in it to program a human being. This means that when the International Human
Genome Sequencing Project completed their mapping, they had finished the equivalent
of translating 100 encyclopedias worth of information! You’d think almost no one would have that
much to write about them, even after Twitter came around. 9. It’s Radioactive Part of the reason human beings are radioactive
is inadvertent. The radioactive element strontium-90 tends
to accumulate in bones because the body tends to mistake it for calcium. Relatively large amounts of that were spread
around around the world due to pervasive nuclear weapons testing, but since it has a half-life
of 29 years the worst effects of that have passed. The more pressing concerns for many are those
who absorbed the material from such nuclear disasters as Fukushima in 2011. The body more directly creates radiation through
its nervous system. Every time you use your nerves to move an
organ, think, etc., that causes the fission of a potassium-40 atoms, and that fission
releases gamma radiation. On an average human being, roughly 10% of
that will leave the body (lower on a heavier person). This translates to a lifetime spent sleeping
with another person being the equivalent of spending a few days in Denver or some similarly
high-elevation city. This is to say that we’re not radioactive
enough to produce much energy. If all the nerves in your brain were harvested
for electrical power, it would take roughly 2.85 days of charging time to fill up an iPhone. 8. Seeing with Your Ears If you look at someone in the eye, you’re
looking at one of the body’s most counterintuitive contraptions. When you see something, first light passes
through the lens of an eye, then it casts itself on the retinas in the back of the eyeball. In the process of passing through the convex
material of the lens, the light is refracted onto the retinas upside down. So how does it process as right-side up by
the time that the information gets into the back of the cerebrum where the brain is located? This is where the ear comes in. It’s the vestibular nerve in the ear that
connects your eyes to your balance center and corrects your vision for the brain’s
benefit. This has some handy benefits merely having
the retinas connected directly to the brain wouldn’t provide. For example, it’s the reason that you can
tilt your head at a 90 degree angle without the world appearing tilted. This discovery has led to the belief that
newborn babies, with their nervous systems that are still coalescing, actually do see
the world upside down. So far, though, none of them have said one
way or the other. 7. It Glows Sure, you’ve heard about how people with
a certain mood or style are glowing, but this is a bit more literal. In 2009, researchers Masaki Kobayashi, Daisuke
Kikuchi, Hitoshi Okamura photographed the first known images of a human being glowing,
although the basic science of measuring biological photon reactions had been known since the
1960s. They placed five test subjects in a light
tight environment, brought out a charge-coupled device camera, and spent seven hours photographing
them. While the temperature remained constant, it
was found that the amount of light/photons that their bodies emitted changed through
the course of the day. This is not to say that you should be hoping
for people that can save many on lightbulbs anytime soon. The amount of light is roughly 1/1000th that
of what would be visible to the naked eye. Still, since the rate of photon emission was
found to be linked to metabolism, Kobayashi suggested that after more study the technique
could be refined to use to diagnose metabolic conditions. In the years since, some studies have been
conducted with photon emissions to test the effectiveness of meditation. The results are reportedly promising but inconclusive. 6. New Body Parts at Different Rates Everyone knows from lessons about the dangers
of excess alcohol back in their teen years that we only get one set of nerve cells that
never replenish. But what about the other organs? How long does it take to replace them? Well, for one, the lining of your stomach
only takes a few days to replace due to the corrosiveness of stomach acids. Your skin cells are comparatively long-lived
with an average of three weeks. The liver cells stick it out a robust 150
days. The longest lasting of the cells that do get
replaced are bone cells. Those last long enough that your bones last
an average of 10 years each. Each cycle, though, they tend to regrow a
little thinner. This is why they’re especially vulnerable
among the older generations. As of 2020, the National Institute of Health
estimates that roughly 50% of Americans over the age of 50 have chronically weak bones. 5. Growth Hormones Can Cause Shrinkage In the early 20th Century, experiments in
injecting growing males with testosterone and females with estrogen began. The idea with the females was that it would
normalize their menstrual cycles, and for males that were not growing satisfactorily
to get taller. In the long run, the results would show the
effort was a misfire. The estrogen injections increased breast cancer
rates for women in their sixties, and for the males the testosterone could backfire
in a more immediate way: their pituitary glands shut down because the body was already full
of testosterone, so there was no growth. By far the most famous recipient of this misguided
treatment was Rainbow Connection and A Star is Born songwriter Paul Williams. Since his father was over six feet tall, he
thought the fact Paul was only four 4-foot-6 in fifth grade meant there was a problem and
started therapy. Williams said that it stopped the growth of
his bones and sent him into puberty at age 10. Some things it just doesn’t work to try
and force. 4. Why It Needs Metals It’s standard practice to include the heavy
metal content on a nutritional information label, but why do we need copper, zinc, or
iron? Well, we need copper to control heart rate
and produce all sorts of cellular tissue, from bones to heart cells. Zinc is used for cell division and dissolving
carbohydrates for heat and other forms of energy. Iron also is used in metabolism, but with
the addition of helping transfer oxygen to cells. The amounts of metal in a body vary significantly
and in some instances can be surprisingly substantial. An average adult human only has roughly 50-80
milligrams of copper in them, barely over 2% of an ounce. By contrast, it’s often said that an average
adult human has enough iron in them to make a nail three inches long. Let’s hope for your sake that this is the
only way anyone will say you have one of those in you. 3. Slowly Cooling Over the Decades Of all the entries on this list, this one
likely provides the single best piece of news. In 1851, the standard temperature for a healthy
adult male body was set at 98.6° F. Since then, studies such as the one performed in
2019 by Dr. Julie Parsonnet of Stanford University of 677,000 measurements found that the average
man’s temperature had dropped down to 97.9° F. It hadn’t been a rapid dropoff. The average had been roughly .05 degrees per
decade. Women came in at around 97.3° F. According to Parsonnet, the reason behind
this isn’t related to a lack of activity on the part of most people. It’s because with the adoption of healthier
lifestyle habits and improvements in antibiotics, the number of people whose immune systems
are constantly fighting colds and flus while remaining functional has declined. Not to mention that the fact that more and
more people are living in homes with reliable temperature control means that more peoples’
bodies no longer require inflammation to remain active. Who’s to say if it won’t turn out in the
next century that optimal human temperature is a degree or two lower? 2. Calorie Count Now this, admittedly, a fairly grisly entry
for this list. In April 2017, historian James Cole of the
University of Brighton was researching cannibalistic practices in ancient tribes to see if they
were performed purely for ritualistic purposes or for survival. To this end he decided to determine the fat
and caloric content of human bodies to see if they would yield a worthwhile amount of
sustenance compared to available prey. He came to a conclusion that an average adult
male human body weighing 145 pounds contains roughly 125,000 calories. Since the generally accepted amount of calories
a person needs in a day is about 2,000, that means a human body would feed another human
for slightly over a month and a family of four for slightly over a week, though as we
learned in the previous entry harder living certainly meant people burned through calories
faster. A red deer from the time would yield roughly
160,000 calories for less risk, which left Cole inclined to conclude that humans were
impractical as a food source and thus the cannibalism was likely more for religious
or militaristic purposes. Cole went into thorough detail in the analysis
of a body’s calorie value. For example, a one pound heart provided 650
calories. The liver is 2,569. The lungs are 1,596 calories combined. Skin offers about 10,280; bones 25,330. The delicacy of zombies, the brain, provides
2,700 calories. Hopefully no TopTenz reader will ever have
to put this information to practical use. 1. Own Drugs To think that in a few ways, every person
is a mobile drug lab. For example, there’s dimethyltryptamine,
which is a hallucinogenic Schedule 1 drug often extracted from mushrooms. It also naturally occurs in human cerebrospinal
fluid and related to dreams. It’s speculated that near-death experiences
are related to it. Then there’s the opiate pain reliever morphine,
which in 2010 experiments indicated (inconclusively) the brain creates out of the chemical tetrahydropapaveroline. More firmly established in the late 1980s
was that the body produces its own cannabinoids, specifically CB1 and CB2. Beyond the intoxicating effects, the National
Academy of Science reported in 2006 that CB2 is used by the body to regulate bone growth. Since then there have been findings that these
cannabinoids are used for regulating a number of other physiological functions, which is
why in some cases it’s better to rely on the body’s own cannabinoids than ingest
some more.

LEGACIES Season 3 Cast: Real Lifestyles, Personal Lives, Hobbies Revealed 2020

He guys
Let us introduce you to cast of the legacies Before we start make sure the subscribe and
turn on notifications Jenny Boyd
Jenny Boyd is an English actress and model who gained prominence after performing the
role of Lizzie Saltzman in the fantasy horror show CW, Legacies, a spin-off of The Originals.
She played Amber Kelly in the horror thriller Hex alongside Ross McCall. As a model, she
did a lot of modeling before becoming an actress recently. Jenny Boyd was born in Switzerland
on February 27, 1991 under the birth sign of Pisces and she is 19 years old
She holds dual English and U.S. citizenship. She was raised in Oregon and later resided
in Los Angeles. In her spare time, she enjoys skiing, hiking,
and horse riding. She has more than 450 thousands followers
on instagram Kaylee Bryant
Kaylee Bryant isn’t new to the small screen, but has slowly become one of the biggest breakout
stars thanks to her role as Josie Saltzman She was merely 8 years old when she began
her acting career. However, before that, she had started modeling and made several appearances
in print campaigns till the age of 10. Kaylee Bryant was born on the 1st of November
1997, in the USA under the birth sign of Scorpio. She is currently 22 years old.
She has more than 600 thousands followers on instagram
She’s obsessed with her dogs and loves hiking with them.
She started learning to play the cello last year.
Music is a big passion of hers. She especially loves SZA, Daniel Caesar and Frank Ocean.
Aria Shahghasemi Aria Shahghasemi was born on October 7, 1996,
in Minnesota, the United States of America. he turned 23 years old with a zodiac sign
Aries. American actor, Aria Shahghasemi plays a major
role in the TV series, ‘Legacies’. Besides, he is also a part of other few series including
‘Unforgettable’, ‘Instinct’, ‘No Alternative’, ‘The Originals’, and others.
His parents are first-generation Iranian immigrants. The actor has a largely shaped tattoo on his
lower right arm. Aria worked as a bartender in some of the
top restaurants in New York, where he acquired crucial life skills. Apart from working as
a waiter, he previously worked as a production assistant during the filming of the movie,
“Wackademia.” Thomas Doherty
Thomas Doherty is known mostly for his character in The Lodge on Disney Channel U.K., but we’re
most excited for his upcoming role as Captain Hook’s son in Descendants 2.
Thomas Doherty was born on April 21. 1995 in Edinburgh, Scotland . he is 24 years old
with a zodiac sign Taurus While growing up, he played a lot of soccer
and until 17, soccer was his preferred career choice along with acting
After graduating from The MGA Academy of Performing Arts, he worked as a waiter at an Edinburgh
based restaurant There are two things he can never go without:
coffee and popcorn Danielle Rose Russell
Danielle Rose Russell was born October 31, 1999, in New Jersey She is 20 years old with
a zodiac sign Scorpio When she was ten, a friend of her mother’s
suggested to Rosemary that Danielle should pursue modeling. Not long after, when she
was ready for a model career, she received many calls from agents and managers asking
for interviews, and she had booked several commercials and print jobs and had done a
lot of regional theater by the age of twelve. She loves to cook when she’s not acting
and is also passionate about baking. She has more than 1,2 million followers on
instagram So whos is your favorite actor or character
on legacies Share with us in the comments below
Meanwhile don’t fotget to subscribe to our channel and hit the like button if you enjoyed
the video

Welcome, Weirdos – I’m Darren Marlar and
this is Weird Darkness. Here you’ll find stories of the paranormal, supernatural, legends,
lore, crime, conspiracy, mysterious, macabre, unsolved and unexplained.
Coming up in this episode of Weird Darkness… According to some ancient beliefs people born
under certain hours, known as chime hours, are gifted with special abilities, like seeing
beyond the visible realm. Weighing just 75 pounds, he was billed as
both the Ossified Man and the Living Skeleton. We’ll look at the tragic real-life story
of Jonathan R. Bass and others who have suffered the same malady known as ossification.
It doesn’t take long before a family discovers the house they just moved into might have
another entity already living there. She wanted to be the next Marilyn Monroe – but
instead, Dorothy Stratten got pulled into a deadly world of fame, porn, and violence,
and the men who kept on exploiting her even after she was dead. We’ll look at the tragic
life and death of Dorothy Stratten. Arthur Conan Doyle’s Sherlock Holmes first
appeared in print in “A Study in Scarlet”, in 1887. But in reality, Holmes had already
been alive for decades. Literally alive – and was, in fact, a man named Joseph Bell.
Now.. bolt your doors, lock your windows, turn off your lights, and come with me into
The Ardlamont murder was an open and shut case. A young, wealthy aristocrat, Cecil Hambrough,
was out hunting on the Ardlamont estate in Scotland with two associates—Alfred Monson,
his tutor, and a mysterious third man named Edward Scott, who was identified only as a
friend of Monson—when shots were heard. Estate workers saw Monson and Scott running
out of the woods carrying guns. They were cleaning the weapons when the estate butler
asked what had become of Mr. Hambrough. Monson replied that he had shot himself in the head
by accident while climbing a fence. At first, the death appeared to be a tragic accident.
But two weeks later it was discovered that Hambrough had taken out two life insurance
policies only six days before he died. The beneficary for both was Monson’s wife.
Monson was arrested and charged with murder. Meanwhile, his accomplice Edward disappeared
from the face of the earth. At trial, witnesses were produced, alibis were invented. In the
end, the jury decided that there was not enough evidence, and Monson was set free.
Among the witnesses for the prosecution was Joseph Bell, an Edinburgh surgeon and forensic
detective, who had a reputation for keen observation. Bell often enthralled his students with demonstrations
where he deduced a patient’s occupation, place of living and other personal details just
by studying his appearance and mannerisms. One of his students was Arthur Conan Doyle.
Conan Doyle met Bell in 1877 at the University of Edinburgh Medical School. He later became
an assistant in his ward, which gave Doyle the opportunity to observe Bell’s remarkable
deducing skills. Bell was able to discern the nearly imperceptible differences in his
patients’ accents and correctly identify their places of origin. He could tell, by
looking at hand calluses, whether a person was a carpenter, or a mason, or a church bell
ringer, and from the walking gait, whether he was a solider or a sailor.
In his autobiography Memories and Adventures, Arthur Conan Doyle wrote about Joseph Bell:
*****“Bell was a very remarkable man in body and mind. He was thin, wiry, dark, with
a high-nosed acute face, penetrating grey eyes, angular shoulders, and a jerky way of
walking. His voice was high and discordant. He was a very skillful surgeon, but his strong
point was diagnosis, not only of disease, but of occupation and character. For some
reason which I have never understood he singled me out from the drove of students who frequented
his wards and made me his outpatient clerk, which meant that I had to array his outpatients,
make simple notes of their cases, and then show them in, one by one, to the large room
in which Bell sat in state surrounded by his dressers and students. Then I had ample chance
of studying his methods and of noticing that he often learned more of the patient by a
few quick glances than I had done by my questions. Occasionally the results were very dramatic,
though there were times when he blundered. In one of his best cases he said to a civilian
patient: “Well, my man, you’ve served in the army.”  
“Aye, sir.” “Not long discharged?”  
“No, sir.” “A Highland regiment?”  
“Aye, sir.” “A non-com. officer?”  
“Aye, sir.” “Stationed at Barbados?”  
“Aye, sir.”***** Bell later explained to his astonished audience:
“You see, gentlemen, the man was a respectful man but did not remove his hat. They do not
in the army, but he would have learned civilian ways had he been long discharged. He has an
air of authority and he is obviously Scottish. As to Barbados, his complaint is elephantiasis,
which is West Indian and not British.” Bell emphasized the importance of close examination,
the attention to physical details, the empirical observation of the patient, and the legitimate
inferences which might be drawn therefrom. Conan Doyle embodied these qualities in Sherlock
Holmes, and he makes no attempt to hide the fact that the character was based on this
remarkable professor: “It is no wonder that after the study of
such a character I used and amplified his methods when in later life I tried to build
up a scientific detective who solved cases on his own merits and not through the folly
of the criminal.” Sherlock Holmes first appeared in print in A
Study in Scarlet, in 1887, just ten year after Doyle first met Professor Joseph Bell. Holmes’
popularity became widespread when the first series of short stories featuring the character
were published in The Strand Magazine in 1891. Within two years, the character became
such a strain on Doyle’s “literary energies” that Doyle had Holmes killed in the short
story The Final Problem, to the horror and outrage of his readers. Doyle was eventually
coaxed into resurrecting the character eight years later.
Joseph Bell took a keen interest in these detective tales, and even offered his former
student suggestions, which Doyle respectfully rejected saying they were not “very practical”.
As the publicity of Sherlock Holmes soared, so did that of Joseph Bell. Bell was soon
asked by Edinburgh’s police force to assist them in solving crimes. In 1888, the Scotland
Yard consulted him during its hunt for Jack the Ripper. It is said that Bell even came
up with a name of the suspect, but the name was never made public.
Bell never associated himself with Sherlock Holmes. “I hope folks that know me see another
and better side to me than what Doyle saw,” Bell told the press. Aside from the great
mind, there was little in common between Bell and the fictional detective. Bell was not
the incredibly untidy man that Holmes was. He was not addicted to cocaine, and he did
not play the violin. Bell gave all credit to Doyle. “I always
regarded him as one of the best students I ever had,” Bell told of Arthur Conan Doyle.
“He was exceedingly interested in anything connected with diagnosis, and was never tired
of trying to discover all those little details which one looks for.”
Bell continued: “I should like to say this about my friend
Doyle’s stories, that I believe they have inculcated in the general public a new source
of interest. They make many a fellow … think that, after all, there may be much more in
life if he keeps his eyes open … There is a problem, a whole game of chess, in many
a little street incident or trifling occurrence if one once learns the moves.”
“You are yourself Sherlock Holmes and well you know it,” Bell once wrote to Doyle. BORN IN THE CHIME HOURS
According to some ancient beliefs people born under certain hours, known as chime hours,
are gifted with special abilities, like seeing beyond the visible realm.
Stories of chime hours are known in many European countries and there are various myths about
these unusually gifted individuals who can be feared or admired.
When exactly the chime hours occur is unclear. In one of his books, Charles Dickens wrote
the only true chime hour is midnight. This belief is widespread in several parts of England,
but far from all. In East England and Somerset, one can learn that chime hours take place
three times in 24 hours. This is because chime hours are connected with the chiming of church
bells. So, you can experience chime hours during monastic prayers at eight PM., midnight
and four AM. Legends of chime hours are not limited to
the United Kingdom. People in Denmark, Ireland, Scotland and even as far back as China are
also familiar with strange tales of mysterious people who were allegedly born with unusual
gifts during chime hours. In Scotland, for example, it is believed that chime children
are born with second sight and they can foresee another person’s death long before it occurs.
The term “chime child” was coined by folklorist Ruth Tongue (1898-1981) who claimed to be a chime
child herself. It’s well-known that humans tend to fear
anything or anyone who is different, and those who were born within the chime hours have
often been accused of witchcraft. The midnight hour has been a frightening time
for people throughout history. It’s a very ancient belief that something horrible can
happen close to the midnight hour. “High noon may be a time of reckoning, but
the midnight hour is the time of darkness, of dread, of fright, of fear, and of terror.
Strange things happen when the hands of the clock reach up to mark twelve. They symbolically
surrender to “the chimes at midnight,” to “the powers of darkness.”
In the Bible, midnight stands for deliverance. The people of Israel were delivered from bondage
in Egypt at midnight (Exodus 12). Christians associate “the midnight hour” with spiritual
deliverance (Matthew 25:96). In popular culture, midnight is the temporal gateway for ghosts
and devils that will run riot at the summit of the Brocken, the magic mountain in the
Hartz Mountain Range of Germany, the original “Night on Bald Mountain,” Walpurgisnacht,
the Witches’ Sabbath.” It’s only natural that as a result of ancient
superstitions chimed people were avoided, and often badly treated by their neighbors,
friends, and sometimes even family members. Since the midnight hour is often associated
with ghosts, chimed people were credited with the ability to see beyond the visible realm
and detect ghosts and spirits for example. It was said that children born at the chime
hours possessed the gift of seeing much that is “hidden from others.” 
These extraordinary children were credited with unusual healing abilities. They could
communicate with animals, plants, spirits, and fairies. According to Tongue, who attempted
to compile a list of all abilities of the chime children, these individuals are also
immune to all ill-wishing. Because of their ability to control all animals
without ever getting hurt, chime people who love animals often become herdsmen or veterinary
surgeons. How much truth there is to these stories is
naturally hard to determine, but legends of the chime hours are still alive in many countries
where folklore tales of these unusual individuals are retold.
One shouldn’t forget humans have always been suspicious toward anything or anyone
who is different. In modern times there are many stories of the so-called black-eyed
people who are considered evil. In ancient times, those with unusual abilities were regarded
as wicked beings who were a danger to the community, and fear of the chime people persists
even today. When Weird Darkness returns…
Weighing just 75 pounds, he was billed as both the Ossified Man and the Living Skeleton.
We’ll look at the tragic real-life story of Jonathan R. Bass and others who have suffered
the same malady known as ossification. And… it doesn’t take long before a family
discovers the house they just moved into might have another entity already living there.
These stories and more when Weird Darkness returns!
Our next Weirdo Watch Party is Friday, April
10th at 7pm Central Time! Join me at EerieLateNight.com and watch horror host Bobby Gammonster as
he presents the 1968 Peter Cushing film, The Blood Beast Terror! While we all watch the
movie online, we can hang with Weirdo family members in the chatroom and make snide/snarky
remarks about the film! Not only is it a lot of fun, but it also supports the undead creative
horror hosts who still entertain us with old scary movies! Be sure to set a reminder on
your phone or put it on your online calendar so you don’t miss it! Friday April 10th
at 7pm Central Time – that’s 8pm Eastern, 5pm Pacific Time, 6pm Mountain – at EerieLateNight.com.
That’s EerieLateNight.com! HISTORY OF THE OSSIFIED
A rare and unusual figure in sideshow history is the Ossified Man. Such men can do nothing
more than lie still, as their joints have completely stiffened due to a fusion of the
bones. This condition is called ankylosis. One of the early sideshow performers to exhibit
his stiffened body was Jonathan R. Bass. He was born healthy in 1830 in Cambria, a town
in western New York. But when rheumatism struck at the age of seven things began to change.
The first case was a minor attack, but he suffered another two years later and was stiff
for three days. By age sixteen, his feet were stiffened and left him unable to stand or
leave home for three months. Eventually the rheumatism led to ankylosis of all his joints.
The International Journal of Surgery claimed: “All the muscles, tendons and joints have
been converted into solid bone; he is incapable of any motion whatever, being a prisoner in
his own frame.” He ate by sucking food into his mouth and
swallowing it whole. A specially made bed helped him sleep at night. In general, he
did not suffer from pain. After the passing of his mother and one of
his brothers, he decided to get out in the world and make a living. Unable to do anything
but lie in his bed, he chose to exhibit his stone-like, emaciated body. Weighing just
75 pounds, he was billed as both the Ossified Man and the Living Skeleton. A manager scheduled
his tour starting in Niagara Falls and traveling through the country.
Life was relatively good, until 1892, when Bass became frustrated with his weekly $25
earnings. So he fired his manager and hired his remaining brother. Later that year, he
reportedly caught pneumonia while on display at Huber’s 14th Street Museum in New York
City. He passed away shortly after returning home.
One of the more bizarre ossified men was Ivannow Wladislaus Von Dziarski-Orloff. In addition
to being stiff, he was transparent. Orloff was born in 1864 in Budapest, Hungary
and began losing his strength by the age of 14. As the years went on his limbs weakened
and began to curl. Trapped in such an strange position, Orloff could have earned a living
from his body’s unusual shape alone. But it was his extraordinary translucency that
made him truly unique. Blood could be seen circulating through his body. In an even more
amazing stunt, a light shining on his chest made it possible to read a newspaper held
up to his back. Orloff exhibited his odd body at the Royal
College of Medicine in Berlin for three years, becoming known as Count Orloff, The Only Living
Transparent and Ossified Man. Anomalies and Curiosities of Medicine claimed his transparency
was “due to porosity of the bones and deficiency of the overlying tissues.”
Orloff remained in his ossified and transparent condition until his passing in 1904.
When Robert Ripley returned to the 1934 World’s Fair with his second Odditorium, an ossified
man was one of his star attractions. Roy Bard, was born in Bryan, Ohio on April
1, 1889 and never suspected he would one day end up in a sideshow. Bard was completely
normal until the age of 24. A stiffness began in his left hip and progressed for four years
until his entire body was completely stiff. Bard had become much like a board, lying flat
in the same position. This put an end to his career as a telephone lineman, but eventually
opened the door to the Odditorium. In a souvenir Odditorium postcard collection from the World’s
Fair, Ripley described Bard as being “rigid as a rock.” He was said to be otherwise
healthy. According to a reporter who interviewed several
of Ripley’s performers during the World’s Fair, he accepted his condition. “Believe
it or not I am happy,” Bard said, using a phrase that surely made Ripley smile.
The Ossified Man was joined at the Odditorium by an Ossified Woman, Orpha Ensign. Sadly,
she couldn’t see her male counterpart because in addition to suffering from ankylosis, she
was blind. Ripley claimed that despite these difficult conditions, she was a successful
owner of a small tourist hotel in Panama City, Florida. “Although her body is hard as stone,
her heart is soft and kind,” Ripley wrote in the souvenir pamphlet.
While Ensign exhibited her ossified body, another young woman was following in her stiffened
footsteps. Dolly Regan, the Ossified Girl, was born in Saskatoon, Canada in 1919. Muscular
dystrophy paired with ankylosis soon paralyzed her joints. At 14, she stood 4 feet, 1 inch,
but as her body grew more stone-like she shrunk down to 3 feet, 9 inches.
Regan could neither stand nor walk. However, she had command of a few fingers, which helped
her control an electric wheelchair. She was also able to hold a specially-designed, multifunctional
stick, enabling her to reach to things, smoke cigarettes, and poke people as needed.
Regan’s sideshow career started unexpectedly. In 1942, she happened to be selling raffle
tickets near a visiting sideshow. It was the first time she’d seen such a show, so she
and a friend decided to explore. A manager soon discovered her and offered her $50 to
be his “stone lady.” She accepted. Suddenly, she was making money and even found
love. Several times. Regan would eventually marry three times (a juggler, a ride foreman,
and a magician/sideshow manager). Regan’s career lasted decades. Though she
had been known as the Ossified Girl, longtime showman Bobby Reynolds later renamed her the
Half Lady-Half Baby. He described her as such: “From the waistline up, a perfectly normal,
beautiful well-developed girl. But from the waistline down, she has the body of an infant!”
Regan’s new billing proved successful in her own Single-O show.
Regan was always happy to support herself. Her mind was sharp, and she never wanted to
be confined or put away simply because of her body’s condition. She remained active
until passing away in 1994 at the age of 75. JENSEN STREET
The house we raised our kids in was built in 1907 and so I’m sure it had a rich history.
But it’s old charm is what drew us to it in the first place. 
We knew we were not alone after one of our first nights in the house. Sitting at the
breakfast table, the kids asked us why were were running up and down the stairs all night.
We lived in the house for a duration of seven years and so there were a lot of strange things
that took place. I had been all too familiar with these sort
of things and so it didn’t concern me one bit, and I certainly didn’t want to feed into
the kids fears. I would simply play it off as it being an old house and such.
We hadn’t been living there very long when my husband and I got our first taste of our
‘roommate ‘. It was late at night and the kids had all
been tucked in, and we were settling in for the night ourselves, when we hear a very loud
thump just outside our door in the living room. Assuming it was one of the kids misbehaving,
my husband quickly popped the door open. We were shocked to see that the house was still
pitch black and there were no kids to be seen. When he went downstairs to check on them,
they were all sound asleep. Sometime later I had a friend over and she
and I had gone into my bedroom, I noticed right away that the door to the master bath
was shut and found it odd because the only people who used that bathroom were my husband
and myself. When I attempted to open the door I found it had been locked. Thinking that
someone was obviously in there I called out. There was no answer, so I called out again;
still no answer. I then heard what sounded like the shower curtain being moved. 
I decided I would go and grab the key to see who was in there, so I walked over to the
closet and by the time I walked back to the bathroom door it was cracked open. I threw
the door open and taunted whatever was in there by saying ” get out of my bathroom “.
On another occasion while my husband and I were watching television, we heard the back
door open and slam shut. We assumed it was one of our kids just coming in as they always
did, so we yelled out ” don’t slam the door “. There wasn’t a response. My husband went
down to confront them, only no one was there. One night in bed, husband snoring logs as
usual. And I laying there not being able to go to sleep, I suddenly felt as if we were
not alone. I distinctly heard shuffling in the carpet. I tried nudging him, but he wasn’t
waking. I quickly turned on my side and pulled the blankets just below my eyes. I was facing
the window and it was winter time and this window always had a draft. I could feel the
icy cold air from the window on my face, and I could hear the shuffling travel to my side
of the bed. Again I tried nudging my husband, but he was out. Then I heard the sound of
lips smacking or being licked repeatedly, right next to my face and then a very hot
type of wind on my forehead. We had decided to remodel the down stairs
and during the renovation, the frame began to leak. While my husband was outside repairing
the leak and the downstairs was gutted, we told the kids not to go downstairs. I had
been doing laundry this particular day, going back and forth from the laundry room that
was down in the basement to the upstairs. I noticed every time I was returning back
to switch a load one of the bedroom lights in the basement was on, so I would turn it
off. It kept happening, so naturally I got upset and went outside to tell everyone to
stay out of the basement and to turn off the lights when they’re done. The kids had gone
down to the playground to play and my husband hadn’t gone into the basement.
We had to complete a course in order to get our house refinanced, and were mailed certificates
for doing so. I had a spot where I kept all the mail and important papers, and I stuck
those certificates in that very spot. I know I did and I saw them daily, right where I
put them. There they remained for a couple weeks, until we needed to present them to
finalize our refinance. Husband asked me to grab them, and so I went to do that and they
were not there! I couldn’t figure it out, I know where they
were and they were just not there anymore. Doubting myself I began to think that perhaps
for some reason I moved them, I began to tear the house apart searching for them. They were
nowhere to be seen and I felt like I was losing my mind. But deep down inside I know where
they had been. We gave them up for lost and ordered another
set. It took a week or so to get the new certificates. Just like before I set them right where I
set all the mail. When it came time to present the certificates, just like the time before
they were gone! Now I really began to feel nuts, once again
I tore the house apart looking for the second set. Not finding them.
I sit down in a chair in the office, ready to give up. I looked over at a mirror leaning
against the wall and could see an envelope poking out from behind it. Sure enough it
was the certificates, only it was the originals I had first lost. The new ones were still
missing. I can’t tell you how badly that whole thing
made me feel, I knew that something was playing a prank on me. A little while later I found
the second set of certificates just sitting on a shelf out in the open. Up next…
She wanted to be the next Marilyn Monroe – but instead, Dorothy Stratten got pulled into
a deadly world of fame, porn, and violence, and the men who kept on exploiting her even
after she was dead. We’ll look at the tragic life and death of Dorothy Stratten.
Plus, we’ll step into the Chamber of Comments.
***Want to receive the commercial-free version of Weird
Darkness every day? For just $5 per month you can become a patron at WeirdDarkness.com!
As a patron you get commercial-free episodes of Weird Darkness every day, bonus audio,
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expenses, you are also helping to reach people who are desperately hurting with depression
and anxiety. Get the benefits of being a patron, and benefit others who are hurting at the
same time. Become a patron at WeirdDarkness.com. DEATH OF A CENTERFOLD
“Dorothy looked at the world with love, and believed that all people were good down
deep,” said Peter Bogdanovich, one of the men who loved her. “She was mistaken.”
Just a few days before, she’d met her end at the hands of one of those people she’d
trusted – her husband, Paul Snider. She was found in his apartment, stripped naked
and shot to death, the tragic end to what seemed like it was going to be one of Hollywood’s
most incredible success stories. “There is still a great tendency… for
this thing to fall into the classic cliché of ‘smalltown girl comes to Playboy, comes
to Hollywood, life in the fast lane,’” Hugh Hefner said after Dorothy Stratten died.
“That is not what really happened. A very sick guy saw his meal ticket and his connection
to power, whatever, slipping away. And it was that that made him kill her.”
That “very sick guy” was Paul Snider – or, as he was known in their hometown of Coquitlam,
British Columbia, “The Jewish Pimp.” He was easy to spot around town: the guy in the
mink coat with a bejeweled Star of David around his neck on the prowl for good-looking girls.
Dorothy Stratten was just an 18-year-old girl working the cash register at Dairy Queen when
she met him, but Snider already knew he’d hit the jackpot. “That girl could make me
a lot of money,” he told a friend. Up until then, her life had been nothing remarkable.
Dorothy thought of herself as plain and uninteresting, and she couldn’t help but get caught up
in the excitement of being courted by a wealthier, older man. Snider bought her diamonds and
jewelry, cooked her dinner, fed her wine, and gushed about how she was beautiful enough
to be a model. The type of modeling Paul Snider had in mind,
though, didn’t involve a runway. He slowly talked Dorothy into stripping off all of her
clothes and letting him take pictures – even though, in Canada at the time, she was still
legally underage. And after sending those pictures off to Playboy, he convinced her
to move all the way to Los Angeles to compete in its 25th Anniversary Great Playmate Hunt.
Dorothy was going to make him something bigger than a guy who got girls to turn tricks on
a street corner. She was going to make him a millionaire.
Hugh Hefner saw as much money in this sweet little blonde as Snider did. He gave her a
full spread in his magazine as Miss August 1979 as soon as he could and went right to
whispering in her ear about how he was going to make her a star.
He was still whispering those promises when he pulled her into a private room in his mansion
and – according to Bogdanovich, although Hefner denies it – raped her by the jacuzzi.
Even that Dorothy Stratten treated as a forgivable lapse of judgment. Every man in her life was
using her for her body; all Hefner had done was show her that he was no different from
the other men in her life. Perhaps that’s why no matter how many of her friends tried
to convince her to leave Paul Snider, she never listened. Snider was just one more pimp
in a world filled with them. When he proposed, she said yes. “He cares
for me so much,” Stratten told a friend when she tried to convince her to say no.
“He’s always there when I need him. I can’t ever imagine myself being with any
other man but Paul.” Dorothy Stratten was “the next Marilyn
Monroe”, Hefner told the world. She wasn’t just going to be a naked a girl on the cover
of a magazine. He was going to make her a star on the silver screen. He helped her get
roles on Buck Rogers and Fantasy Island, and then in the movies like Americathon and Skatetown,
USA. In less than a year, she landed her first starring role as a sexpot robot in a sci-fi
comedy called Galaxina. “We’re on a rocket ship to the moon!”
Snider would tell her. It was true. The press was already calling her “one of the few
emerging goddesses of the new decade”, and she was already lined up to co-star in a major
film with Audrey Hepburn. Paul Snider, though, wasn’t as firmly locked
onto her rocket ship as he wanted to believe. For most of their time in Los Angeles, he
didn’t even have a work visa and so he couldn’t bring a penny in to support them. In time,
he started to bring in a little bit – in fact, Snider was the man who created the Chippendales
dancers – but he was still living in a rented home he shared with two other guys.
And while he was struggling to bring money, Stratten’s heart was wandering elsewhere.
She was in New York, filming her scenes with Audrey Hepburn and secretly carrying on an
affair with the movie’s director, Peter Bogdanovich.
Snider started to get suspicious. He would call Stratten and tell her how much he loved
her, and she would just go silent on the other end. Something, he knew, had changed.
He hired a private investigator to tail her and find out what was going on, but the investigator
didn’t have to tell him anything. When Stratten flew back into town, she told him the truth
herself. She’d fallen in love with Bogdanovich, she told him. She wanted a divorce.
Snider didn’t say much, not in front of her, anyway. But his friends reported that
after Stratten called it off, he started taking a strange interest in guns and hunting. He
bought a 12-gauge shotgun, took a few shooting lessons, and started slipping into conversations
that Playboy had a policy not to print nude pictures of a girl if she got murdered.
Dorothy Stratten went to his house for the last time on Aug. 13, 1980. It was supposed
to be a meeting about a property settlement she’d offered him as part of the divorce.
Her manager had tried to talk her out of going to see him herself, but she’d insisted,
saying, “I’d like to remain his friend.” Paul Snider’s roommates found them when
they checked his room a little after 11:00 p.m. Both Stratten and Snider were lying naked
on the bed, a shotgun blast boring a hole through each of their heads.
According to the police report, Snider had shot her in the eye with a 12-gauge shotgun,
leaving nothing but a pulp of shattered bones and blood in her eye socket. Then, in a mad
fit of grief, terror, and depravity, he’d stripped the clothes off of her and raped
her dead body. There were bloody handprints left on her flesh where he’d gripped her.
It must have taken him a moment to realize what he’d done. He must have been staring
at the horror when he finally worked up the courage to put that shotgun inside of his
own mouth and pull the trigger. Paul Snider was wrong about one thing: Hefner
didn’t pull her next spread. He knew people would buy it because Dorothy Stratten’s
name was all over the news. Hefner let the October issue run with the naked body of a
then-deceased woman on the cover, and even worked her old photos into another issue in
December that called her one of the “Sex Stars of the 1980s.”
She ended up on the silver screen, but now as the subject and not the star. Two movies
— Star 80 and Death Of A Centerfold — and a book were released telling her story
over the next couple of years, and Hugh Hefner sent his lawyers after every one.
Peter Bogdanovich would never get over her. “I don’t know if I can ever love as totally
and completely as I loved Dorothy,” he said more than a year after her death. He
spent the next few years taking care of her mother and ended up marrying Dorothy’s sister
Louise. “There is no life Dorothy’s touched that
has not been changed for the better through knowing her,” Bogdanovich said in his eulogy,
“however briefly.” We’ll step inside the Chamber of Comments
in just a moment. But if you made it this far, welcome to the Weirdo Family. If you
like the podcast, please tell your friends/family about it however you can and get them to become
Weirdos too! And I’d greatly appreciate you giving me a five-star review in the podcast
app you listen from, that helps the podcast get noticed! Now… let’s step into the
chamber…. Here in the Chamber of Comments I answer your
emails, comments, podcast reviews, tweets, letters I get in the mail, and more. You can
find all of my contact information, postal address, and social media links on the CONTACT
page at WeirdDarkness.com – and you can email me anytime at [email protected] (Email from Clay): Gday Darren, My names
Clay, I’m 22 and from Western Australia. I wasn’t exactly sure where to post to you,
it’s not a story. But it’s personal, I seriously want to thank you for being such
a prominent supporter of mental health in my life. After listening to you for quite
some time and always hearing about you advocating for iFred, and constantly brushing it off,
I finally listened. Thank you. I’m finally starting to take control and without you I
don’t think that would have happened. I’m so glad you’re getting yourself sorted,
and I take solace in the fact that, at least to me, we can do this together. Thank you
for being you, and keep up the incredible podcasting. Forever a weirdo family member.
Much love from a weirdo brother — Clay REPLY: That’s GREAT news, Clay!  SO happy
to hear you are finally reaching out for help! It’s something we all seem to hold close
to our vests and don’t want to share, like we’re embarrassed by it, but it’s no different
than any other disease or disorder and should be treated as such.  Glad you came to that
realization and are on the way to a healthy life again! (Review from JClasby96): One of my favorites!
The boyfriend and I listen to this before bed for a little scare, we love it. And his
voice is A++ for this stuff. (Email from Teresa Strange in Stamps, Arkansas):
I recently discovered your wonderful and weird podcast. Wow! Just wow!  I’m a radiologic
technologist at CHRISTUS St Michael in Texarkana Texas. At this very stressful time my cohorts
and myself are finding varied ways to cope. We’ve all been exposed to COVID-19. Somehow…so
far… none of us have sickened and tested positive. God is good. I, myself, have used
your very interesting podcasts to take my mind off things. Sort of a brain-cation. 
I find your words at the end of your podcast very reassuring. Someday I may write up my
varied and scary experiences and submit them. Again, thanks so much for what you do!  – Sincerely,
Teresa Strange, Stamps, Arkansas REPLY: First off – the last name of strange
is friggin’ awesome. Next… thank you very much, Teresa – and THANK YOU FOR WHAT YOU
DO!!!!!!!!!!  I am so fortunate to be in this little bubble I’ve created in my own
home recording studio over the past few years so I am more protected than most during the
Plague of 2020, but I don’t for an instant take that for granted.  You are extremely
brave! I’ll answer more of your emails, comments,
and more next time! Feel free to drop me an email me at any time at [email protected]
Darren is spelled D-A-R-R-E-N… [email protected] Do you have a dark tale to tell of your own?
Click on “Tell Your Story” at WeirdDarkness.com and I might use it in a future episode. Like
and follow the Weird Darkness Facebook page to stay up-to-date with everything involving
the podcast! While you’re there, join the Facebook Group, “Weird Darkness Weirdos”
and hang out with me and the rest of our Weirdo family! Find my other Facebook page, my personal
Twitter as well as one for Weird Darkness, and other social media links on the CONTACT
page at WeirdDarkness.com. Also on the website you can find paranormal and horror audiobooks
I’ve narrated, the Weird Darkness store, plus you can visit the “Hope In The Darkness”
page if you are struggling with depression, anxiety, or thoughts of su­icide.
And today was supposed to be “[email protected] Wednesday” – but with the COVID-19 quarantine
happening around the world, the chances are pretty good that most of you Weirdos aren’t
listening at the office, and there would be nobody there to get the prizes if I sent them.
So I’m putting “[email protected] Wednesday” on hold for now until the coronavirus situation
subsides. Once it is over and we’re heading back into the real world, I’ll most certainly
bring it back. All stories in this episode are purported
to be true and you can find source links or links to the authors in the show notes:
“Joseph Bell, The Real Life Sherlock Holmes” by Kaushik Patowary for Amusing Planet:
“Born In The Chime Hours” by Ellen Lloyd for Ancient Pages:
“History of the Ossified” by Marc Hartzman for Weird Historian
“Jensen Street” by Dar77 at Your Ghost Stories:
“Death of a Centerfold” by Mark Oliver for All That’s Interesting: Weird Darkness theme by Alibi Music. WeirdDarkness™ – is a registered trademark.
Copyright ©Weird Darkness 2020. Now that we are coming out of the dark, I’ll
leave you with a little light… 1 Peter 5:10=The God of all grace, who called
you to his eternal glory in Christ, after you have suffered a little while, will himself
restore you and make you strong, firm and steadfast. (AND A FINAL THOUGHT) Don’t lose sight of
the good things you have while desiring the things you want. – Unknown I’m Darren Marlar. Thanks for joining me
in the Weird Darkness.

How Things Actually Work

April 10, 2020 | Articles, Blog | 37 Comments

How Things Actually Work

There are crucial things we use every
single day but we usually ignore them and don’t really think about how they
work but what do you really think about it how do things like locks and zippers
actually work how does toothpaste always come out in that swirly pattern and how
to niche things like Michael Jackson’s leaning dance actually work well today
using amazing animations graphics and visuals we’ll find out I’m Charlie and
today we’re going to look at how things actually work before we get into it why
not subscribe and press the notification bell Michael Jackson’s leaned Michael
Jackson is said to be one of the best dancers of all time
everyone knows the moonwalk dance and if you put your mind to it you can learn it
but one thing that everyone’s tried and failed to do is Michael Jackson’s lean
well we now know exactly how it’s done if you try and lean forward at a
45-degree angle you’ll fall over but it turns out Michael Jackson was being a
smooth criminal and playing us at the entire time his gravity-defying lean
involves a patented shoe it was patented so that only he could use it the shoe
has a hole in it and in the stage there’s a base and a hitch member
markings as to where he should stand were painted on the stage and he simply
leaned forward and put all of his faith in that page if it broke he’d fall flat
on his face but thankfully that never happened locks we put all of our trust
in locks some of your most valuable possessions may be behind a simple
padlock but why do we trust lock so blindly not knowing how they really work
as you can see from this cross-section it’s actually pretty complex in a lock
various pieces of metal block keys from going in but if a key has the correct
cuts it will make all of these bits of metal rise up that’s because the metal
inside the lock is cut to the same shape as the key all of these then rise and
you can then turn the lock zippers I’m sure in your clothing or bags you have
zippers but how does that one zip seal up all of these stubs of plastic well
check out this animated cross-section of as in as you can see similar to a
railway track switch there’s two different inputs the two steps of
plastic sit on top of each other and then they’re released out of the one
output it’s funny how we use this invention every day but never think
about how it actually works grenades we all know grenades you pull the pin throw
it and it explodes but one thing you never see is the inner workings of a
grenade those who do see the insides of grenades are usually being blown up by
them but check out this cross-section which demonstrates how a grenade really
works the top part is the striker which makes
a spark all of those beads are the explosive material the red part is the
detonator and the section below that is the chemical delay so now you know how
grenades work maybe you can disarm one if one is ever thrown at you just make
sure you have a safety pin handy paper clips paper clips are very mundane
office objects but how are they made something human beings twist a roll of
metal around and around but instead there’s actually a pretty awesome piece
of machinery a thin metal wire is out put it then a heavy piece of rotating
metal smacks it into shape it only has to do this three times before cutting it
off and they have to say it’s incredibly satisfying to watch toothpaste
squirting out toothpaste is incredibly satisfying and everyone is used to
seeing those red blue and white swirls but how does it come out of a tube like
that why doesn’t it all get mixed together
well this cross-section of a team of Colgate toothpaste demonstrates how as
you can see the colored toothpaste is loaded in with an X shape as you squeeze
it and it goes out of the tube it makes a swirl toothpastes are squirted out
like this into a chew and for a toothpaste like the one in this image
seven different nozzles are use bowling ball bowling balls seem pretty
self-explanatory it’s simply plastic and resin formed in
a spherical shape but that’s actually not the case as you can see from this
bowling ball cross-section the asymmetric core allows you to drill the
ball to behave differently depending on where you drill the finger holes in your
side of bowling you can make a ball hook at different distances on the lane
there’s an incredible amount of science behind bowling balls
however some bowlers do use symmetrical balls allowing you to track straight and
some have even been scammed and a fort fake bowling balls the inside of these
fake balls are simply for with plastic and cement fans many people
use oscillating fans in their home or office we just press the button and then
the fan switches on and starts moving around but how does it actually work
well as you can see here the rotor always spins when the fans on when you
press the button it pushes a cork down this causes the fans blade to rotate it
also moves another cog at a slower rate which moves the fans head so that’s how
fans move and rotate I never knew there was a crank-rocker mechanism which moved
it back and forth alligators alligators are very scary aquatic creatures
although they are less aggressive to humans than crocodiles they can still
take your life and they do prey on humans with some regularity we often see
them in lakes and ponds but you’ve never seen a cross-section of them standing up
and when I say standing up I really mean it instead of swimming they usually
float flat on the surface of water but this is their resting position when
they’re hunting they usually stand up kind of like how human beings stand on
their hind legs so it turns out GEICO’s commercials aren’t that far from reality
but now it’s time to make your voice heard vote in the poll in the top right
corner which item on this list was most interesting if you want some more
amazing videos then check out my second channel but as always thank you for
watching there’s some more videos you may like on screen now leave a like if
you enjoyed and if you haven’t already what are you waiting for subscribe to
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